What is climate change and individual responsibility in the carbon footprint?

What is climate change and individual responsibility in the carbon footprint? In recent years, we are likely to observe more extreme weather events, as well as more pronounced temperature fluctuations. These events are part of the phenomenon called climate change.

As we all know, one of the main factors affecting the climate is the greenhouse effect. What is this phenomenon?

It is a natural phenomenon in which gaseous substances present in the atmosphere retain part of the reflected solar radiation and trap heat. It is thanks to this phenomenon that humans can survive on Earth. However, many human activities emit these gases and increase their concentration in the atmosphere. The gas emissions due to human activities are calculated by carbon footprint of the individual.

In simpler terms, for every activity a person does (from breathing to moving around in their life), they emit an amount of carbon and other greenhouse gases as a result of their energy use. The total amount of carbon and general greenhouse gases emitted by these activities is calculated from the carbon footprint. Although it is not just carbon, it is expressed in carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).

The carbon footprint in figures

Many consider their efforts to reduce their carbon footprint to be insignificant. However, it is good to tire yourself out a bit and look at some numbers. Assuming that an inhabitant of developed countries lives to age 75, their carbon footprint averages 300 tCO2e. A high impact person, like in Qatar, reaches just over 2,000 t CO2 e. To realize the magnitude of this figure, it suffices to mention that the carbon footprint of clearing 10 acres of forest is 500 tCO2e. In contrast, a conscious person can reduce their footprint to 150 tCO2e.

To think of these figures for the 8 billion or so inhabitants of the planet? I’ll let you do the deed.

Methods to reduce the carbon footprint

Because we certainly can’t all afford to install solar panels or buy electric cars, there are other, equally important ways to reduce our carbon footprint.

First of all, it is very important to buy products that are made in our region. Transport has a very high carbon footprint. If we speak in numbers again, a beer brewed in the drinking region has a footprint of 300gCO2e, while a beer bottled and imported from abroad has a footprint three times that. It is equally important to consume tap water, as long as it is drinkable. Other daily choices we can make to help make the planet more sustainable include reducing the length of our daily bath, turning off the lights when we leave a room, and driving as little as possible in the car. and by public transport.


It is also extremely important to apply the famous 3R principle (Reduce-Reuse-Recycle) in our daily life. This principle is based on the reduction of the purchase of material goods, the reuse of materials and finally, if this is not possible, their recycling. Thanks to this principle, the energy consumption of a household can be considerably reduced, which makes it possible to reduce its carbon footprint.

Perhaps the most important action we can take is to reduce our consumption. beef . Cows, because they are ruminants, emit methane, one of the greenhouse gases. To meet the demand for meat, they destroy many forests to make way for pasture.

In conclusion, there are many ways to contribute to environmental sustainability. The basic criterion is that each of us must recognize the importance and individual responsibility towards the environment. We can all calculate our carbon footprint and other ways to reduce it with a simple internet search, because it only costs 2gCO2e.

In conclusion, since you live in this environment, its preservation is also based on your own choices. So are you going to make the right choice to change and help him or will you wait for him to change?


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